Food

IFPRI Insights: May 2021


96

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May 6th, 2021


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Forward Forward


New Blog Series: Transforming Food Systems and the UNFSS
IFPRI has a new special blog series highlighting our contributions to the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit (UNFSS) and other evidence-based ideas for food systems transformation!

The first post in the series is authored by Dr Jemimah Njuki, IFPRI’s Director for Africa and Custodian of the UNFSS Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment Change Lever. Dr Njuki discusses the Gender Lever’s proposal for a Global Food Systems 5050 Initiative to track and promote progress on gender equality amid food systems transformation. (Read the Blog and Watch This Space)


Troubling Projections: A study by David Laborde, Will Martin, and Rob Vos assesses the impact of COVID-19 on poverty, food insecurity, and diets. By using IFPRI’s global general equilibrium model, they find that the global recession caused by the pandemic will be worse than the 2008 financial crisis, potentially pushing 150 million people into extreme poverty and food insecurity. (Read Article)


The Chicken and the Egg: Peixun Fang, Ben Belton, Xiaobo Zhang, and Hnin Ei found that Myanmar’s poultry sector was severely damaged by COVID-19, causing a drop in employment rates and limiting progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Interestingly, layer farms combining chicken and fish production were more resilient to the economic shock of the pandemic than those with just chicken. (Read Article)


Farewell, Farming: Rural Bangladesh has been undergoing a shift from predominantly agricultural employment to increased non-farm employment, according to Paul Dorosh and coauthors’ new paper. This is not due to rural-urban migration, but because of a shift away from agriculture within rural areas. (Read Article


Like Father, Like Son?: In a study with couples in rural Ethiopia, Jessica Leight found little evidence of intergenerational transmission of male dominance in household decision-making. However, male dominance in the house one grew up in was predictive of one’s individual gender norms. (Read Article)


Incentivizing Food Safety: Vivian Hoffmann and Kelly Jones find that farmers in Kenya who produce maize only for subsistence practice better food safety than those who grow it for sale. The authors present promising evidence for cost-effective ways to help close that gap and reduce foodborne illness. (Read Article



Women’s Voices in Mali’s Civil Society Organizations
A new IFPRI issue brief presents evidence from a civil society organization (CSO) mapping project in Mali by Jaimie Bleck, Jessica Gottlieb, Katrina Kosec, and Lindsey Boss. The authors explore gender dynamics across the country’s CSOs, finding that women have substantial coordinating capacity and social capital, and are involved in many types of CSOs.

The brief encourages further efforts to focus on translating individual women’s participation into women’s collective agency and political engagement that effectively holds governments accountable. (Read the Issue Brief and the Blog Post)


A Silver Lining: The COVID-19 pandemic has magnified and exacerbated existing inequalities around the world. In their blog post, IFPRI’s Director General Johan Swinnen and A4NH’s Director John Mcdermott assert that this global experience has changed what is politically possible and now offers a rare chance for food systems transformation. (Read Blog)


Restore Our Earth: Healthy soils are crucial to agricultural sustainability and food security and yet, in 2015, a third of the world’s land was classed as moderately to highly degraded. In honor of Earth Day 2021, Wei Zhang and Jessica Wallach examined the role of gender in soil management and provided recommendations for facilitating soil health interventions that promote gender equality and restore our earth. (Read Blog)


Centering Gender Equality: In March, IFPRI, SEWA and the Center for People and Forests (RECOFTC) co-hosted a South Asia regional dialogue on “Women, Work and Food Systems” to discuss the place of gender issues and women’s empowerment at the upcoming UN Food Systems Summit. Mansi Shah shares highlights from the great lineup of speakers. (Read Blog)


Double-Edged Sword: Phuong Hong Nguyen and Samuel Scott report on the malnutrition trends and disparities between socioeconomic groups and urban-rural residence in India from 2006-2016, providing insights needed to effectively address the “double burden of malnutrition” and impacts of inequality on nutrition. (Read Blog)


Hope During Crisis: Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition programs can protect the most vulnerable children from wasting during shocks, explain Jef L. Leroy, Deanna K. Olney, Marie Ruel, and Tracy Brown in their blog post based on evidence from a program in Burundi. These findings are critical not only in the current context of the pandemic, but for any future situation where a population’s food security is threatened. (Read Blog)



On the Table: Financing Food System Transformation
As outlined in Chapter One of IFPRI’s Global Food Policy Report, one of the most important drivers for food system transformation is innovative finance. In Episode Two of our video interview series, “On the Table,” IFPRI’s Director of Communications and Public Affairs, Charlotte Hebebrand, and Head of Latin American and Caribbean Program, Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla, discuss ideas for funding change and share insights into the important work of the UN Food Systems Summit Finance Lever. (Watch the Video or Listen to the Podcast)


 This report treats the pandemic as a wake-up call; COVID-19 could be a harbinger of potentially greater future disruptions to food security and livelihoods, linked to climate change, natural resource degradation, and biodiversity loss,” – Marco Ferroni, Chair, CGIAR System Board. (Event)


 We are seeing in global trade a shift from protection to precaution, a fundamental difference in which you protect your people from risk,” – Pascal Lamy, Former European Commissioner and Director-General, WTO and Member, IFPRI’s Strategy & Program Council. (Event)


 If community-led development is going to move into the development mainstream, we need to gain a much better understanding of what it can and cannot do, and that means better evaluations,” – Scott Guggenheim, Adjunct Professor, Global Human Development (GHD), Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University. (Event)


 Generating evidence and understanding what has worked is only one part of the puzzle. Country context matters, and one size is not going to fit all, so you are going to have to adapt those practices and strategies to fit the country you are operating in,” –  Niranjan Bose, Managing Director, Health & Life Sciences, Gates Ventures. (Event)


Bangladesh government set to procure Boro directly from farmers
In a recent research study, IFPRI suggested that the Bangladesh government procure paddy directly from farmers. Financial Express since published an article stating that in a major policy shift, the government is in planning to purchase Boro harvest directly from the farmers this season.


COVID-19 showed the weakest links in our food systems. Can we change them?
The Thin Ink newsletter covered highlights from our new Global Food Policy Report, “Transforming Food Systems After COVID-19,” and offered personal reflections on the impacts of the pandemic.


What hampers farm mechanisation in Africa?
An article by Farmers Weekly, which is based on information from the IFPRI book “An evolving paradigm of agricultural mechanization development: How much can Africa learn from Asia?”, reported on agricultural mechanization in sub-Saharan Africa.

 Middle East and North Africa Discussion of IFPRI’s 2021 Global Food Policy Report: Transforming Food Systems After COVID-19
Monday May 10th 7:30 AM – 9:00 AM EDT

To receive regular updates on IFPRI’s newest and most relevant research, events, and more.

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IFPRI Insights: May 2021



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