Personal Finance

How to Not Panic – Of Dollars And Data


Does the following quote seem accurate to you?

Throughout the pandemic, the nation lacked a uniform policy about gathering places, and there was no central authority with the power to make and enforce rules that everyone had to obey. Each community acted on its own, doing as its elected officials thought best.

What about this one?

For young survivors of the pandemic, life would never be the same. Like shell shocked soldiers, they bore emotional scars.

I’m assuming that you, like me, found both of them to be somewhat true. But what I didn’t tell you was that these quotes aren’t about COVID-19. No, both of them actually come from Albert Marrin’s Very, Very, Very Dreadful, an account of the Spanish flu of 1918. Though Marrin is summarizing an event that occurred over 100 years ago, his words describe a world eerily similar to our own.

I was reminded of these similarities after a friend asked me how I was able to stay calm during a market crash. I told him that its because I’ve spent a good amount of time studying history. And, in doing so, I’ve come to realize that a lot of what we experience isn’t as unique as we think it is.

As the saying goes, “history doesn’t repeat itself, but it often rhymes.” And rhyme it does. Consider what Marrin stated on the frequency of pandemics:

Flu pandemics are nothing new. Medical historians think the first one struck in 1510, infecting Asia, Africa, Europe, and the New World. Between the years 1700 and 1900, there were at least 16 pandemics, some of them killing up to 1 million people.

Given the regularity of these pandemics, you can see why our reactions to them have shown similarities over time. But humans repeat themselves in other ways across history as well.

For example, consider how the U.S. Senate recently passed the Sunshine Protection Act in an effort to make Daylight Savings Time (DST) permanent across the U.S. This would mean that, if passed by the House and the President, the U.S. would no longer adjust its clocks twice a year. No more “spring forward” and no more “fall back”, just the same time all year round.

Unfortunately, Congress tried this already in 1974 and it didn’t work. In fact, it was a disaster. After enacting the permanent DST, eight children in Florida died in predawn car accidents due to the early morning darkness. The policy became so unpopular across the U.S. that it was reversed by Congress after only eight months.

But the “rhyming” of history isn’t limited to global health and politics, it’s true in markets as well. As I summarized here, the U.S. stock market typically declines by at least:

  • 10% every other year
  • 30% every 4-5 years
  • 50%+ once a generation

And guess what? Since I made my first investment on July 6, 2012, I’ve seen the market decline over 10% on five separate occasions—2015, 2016, 2018, 2020, and today. That’s five declines in a 10-year period or, coincidentally, once every other year as the historical averages suggest.

Of course this decline could be different. If you look at a chart of the five corrections I’ve experienced since I started investing in 2012, you will see that our current pullback stands out:

It’s even more concerning when market veterans like Josh Brown say that, “this is one of the most treacherous environments that I ever seen.” And I don’t disagree. With high inflation, geopolitical uncertainty, and asset prices declining across the board, things aren’t looking great right now.

But what did you expect after a year like 2021, which was arguably the craziest year in markets since the late 90s? Have we forgotten just how silly it all was? Consider this tweet from Drew Dickson near the height of the madness:

What would you rather buy for $2.3 million, a picture of a rock or 3,700 square foot waterfront property overlooking Tampa Bay? In hindsight it’s ridiculous that such a question was ever asked, but here we are.

After such a frothy year in markets, it makes sense that we would see a return to fundamentals. Unfortunately, the transition back sucks. It sucks because there isn’t much we can do about it beforehand and there isn’t much we can do once it starts to happen either.

Yes, you can try moving to cash/bonds early, but when exactly do you get out? Go too early and you may have to sit on the sidelines for years while the market rockets higher. And if you do get out, how do you know when to get back in? It’s psychological hell on the exit and the re-entry.

This is why, despite writing about the froth in markets last year, I knew there wasn’t much you could do about it. Yes, you can make minor tweaks to your portfolio along the way (i.e. “sin a little”), but you mostly have to roll with the punches. So why would you panic? What good is there in reacting to something that you cannot control?

If you disagree, you either (1) invested money you couldn’t afford to lose, or (2) didn’t understand your true tolerance for risk until now. If either of those is true, that’s unfortunate, but you learned something valuable for next time. Given the record of history, you should expect events like this to happen with some regularity.

This is why my favorite speech from the film Margin Call is when Jeremy Iron’s character rattles off all the major asset bubbles across history from memory:

1637, 1797, 1819, -37, -57, -84, 1901, -07, -29, 1937, 1974, 1987-Jesus, didn’t that f**k me up good. -92, -97, 2000 and whatever we want to call this.

It’s all just the same thing over and over; we can’t help ourselves.

Clever writing you might think. Margin Call is fiction after all. How about some non-fiction then? Here’s Jesse Livermore, arguably the greatest trader in Wall Street history:

There is nothing new in Wall Street. There can’t be because speculation is as old as the hills. Whatever happens in the stock market today has happened before and will happen again.

This is how to not panic. You know history. You understand the risks. And, most importantly, you know yourself. Then you let the chips fall where they may. You don’t obsess over the headlines. You don’t try to predict the future. You enjoy your life. You go out with friends and family. You make cherished memories. You laugh. You cry. You remember that things like this happen. And you remember that they will happen again.

Thank you for reading.

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This is post 296. Any code I have related to this post can be found here with the same numbering: https://github.com/nmaggiulli/of-dollars-and-data






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